The term “new normal” has become one of the most commonly used terms in the aftermath of the pandemic. The rising usage of online learning resources has become the new standard in education. The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted innovative approaches to education. Educational institutions all across the world are turning to online learning platforms to continue the process of educating pupils.
The new normal is currently a modified educational concept, with online learning at its heart. Students and schools all across the world now use digital learning as a crucial resource. This is a whole new manner of learning that many educational institutions have had to adapt. Online learning is currently used not just for academic purposes, but also for learning extracurricular activities for students. The demand for online learning has increased dramatically in recent months and will continue to do so in the future.
There have been many advantages stated of online learning but one must not overlook the problems with it which can make the education world one dimensional and flat
- E-learning strategies have been shown to be highly effective in boosting students’ academic understanding. Developing students’ communication skills, on the other hand, is an area that is sometimes overlooked during online sessions. Students may find themselves unable to work effectively in a team setting due to the lack of face-to-face communication between classmates, students, and teachers in an online context. Neglecting students’ communication skills will surely result in a large number of graduates who excel in theoretical knowledge but are unable to pass that knowledge on to others.
- The existing E-Learning systems in use in education tend to cause reflection, isolation, and a lack of connection among students. As a result, many students and teachers who inevitably spend a significant amount of time online may begin to show signs of social isolation as a result of the lack of human interaction in their lives. The combination of social isolation and a lack of communication can lead to a variety of mental health difficulties, including increased stress, anxiety, and negative thinking.
- Although some of the most innovative online learning platforms are beginning to address and solve this E-Learning flaw, the issue has yet to be totally resolved. The issue is that many E-Learning training providers opt to focus primarily (and in some cases totally) on theoretical knowledge development rather than actual skills development. The rationale for this is obvious: theoretical lectures are more easier to incorporate into an online learning environment than practical courses. Because there is no face-to-face communication and no actual classrooms to utilise as a workshop, conducting practical projects in an online course necessitates far more advance planning than theoretical training.
- Many of the above cited problems of online learning are linked to the loss of face-to-face interactions. A lack of face-to-face communication with the instructor restricts student feedback, leads to social isolation, and may lead to a lack of pressure among students. A lack of pressure is a negative since it makes it easier for pupils to drop out of school. Although many students dislike constant prodding from teachers, it is an efficient approach for increasing student retention.
- Not all educational disciplines are created equal, and not all fields of study can be employed effectively in e-learning. At least for now. Social science and humanities are better suited to e-learning than scientific subjects like medical science and engineering, which require some hands-on experience. A medical student’s autopsy or a young engineer’s real-world industrial training cannot be replaced by online lectures. While this may change in the future, we are not yet at a stage where we can completely teach all vocations with E-Learning.
The COVID-19 issue halted education systems all across the world. Millions of children’s schools are still closed 21 months later, and some may never return. Many children are losing their ability to study, which is morally unacceptable. And a rise in learning poverty might have a terrible effect on future productivity, incomes, and well-being for this generation of children and teens, their families, and the global economy. According to a new analysis developed by the World Bank in partnership with UNESCO and UNICEF, the current generation of students faces a loss of USD 17 trillion in lifetime earnings in present value, or nearly 14% of today’s global GDP, as a result of COVID-19-related school closures.
It also stated that while nearly every country in the globe provided students with remote learning options, the quality and scope of such programmes varied – in most cases, they were just a partial substitute for in-person instruction.
More than 200 million students live in low- and lower-middle-income nations, which are ill-equipped to use remote learning in the event of school closures. To halt and reverse learning deficits, reopening schools must remain a top and urgent priority worldwide. Countries should implement learning recovery programmes with the goal of ensuring that students in this generation achieve at least the same level of competency as their predecessors.
There have been many suggestions on how to bridge the gap due to the pandemic:
- Each and every student is assessed for learning loss across the country. The survey findings/results should be compared to pre-COVID numbers, and the groupings of students and areas/subjects that require prompt remedial intervention should be determined.
- Experts in the field should be consulted when developing intensive bridge courses and accelerated learning programmes.
- Extra classes, vacation curtailment, assigning professional teachers for personalised coaching, parental engagement, peer-group and collaborative learning are all possibilities for helping kids who are falling behind and providing them with personalised and focused attention.
- To suit the individual learning needs of students, specific instructional materials and worksheets, as well as workbooks, may be designed.
- Helpline is required. Every subject should have its own centre to help students with their questions. Phone-in programmes with subject specialists may also be broadcast on television and community radio to elaborate on themes and explain tough concepts to pupils. Teachers/subject experts may be formed WhatsApp groups for each class in schools to assist students with their learning, clarification of doubts/concepts, and so on.
- Weekly assessments of digital learning outcomes are used to track students’ progress and allow them to adjust their course if necessary targets are not met.
- Take active steps to encourage out-of-school children, particularly girls, to return to school and mainstream education throughout the epidemic by providing incentives such as study materials, digital devices, wholesome nutritional meals, and so on.
- Assessment of the basic technology infrastructure required for strengthening digital education in schools across the country, with a focus on rural, tribal, hilly, and backward areas, as well as Aspirational Districts, and preparation of a roadmap for such facilities.
The classroom and the digital world are becoming increasingly linked. As technology continues to provide new learning opportunities, educators must adapt to our changing knowledge landscape with strategies that benefit both them and their students.
Using a variety of technologies to acquire a more comprehensive digital skill set, as well as computational thinking to use these tools in more creative, technical, and deeper ways to accelerate and enhance learning. As we accept the new curriculum, which signifies a change to a more digital future in education, this interpretation of digital learning is becoming increasingly widespread in India.
Our personal and professional lives are growing increasingly reliant on digital tools and platforms. Digital learning expands students’ access to education and knowledge while also equipping them with a mentality and talents that will help them succeed today and in the future. According to a growing body of evidence, simply providing learners with devices does not guarantee better outcomes; deliberate integration and actively adopting a digital mindset are required for digital learning to actually improve the whole student experience.
ADVANTAGES OF DIGITAL LEARNING:
- The learning process becomes more efficient in terms of time.
- Teachers can tailor learning to the requirements of individual pupils more effectively.
- Digital learning instills in us a mindset that allows us to adapt to new technologies indefinitely.
- Even when working remotely, effective learning can take place.
Whether or not you are ready to incorporate digital learning into your classroom, it is becoming more common in India. Educators that embrace curricular modifications become more efficient and productive, saving time and better preparing their pupils for the future of learning and work.
With the ever-growing world of computers and internet and due to the pandemic digital learning is on the rise and it is paving the way for a hybrid between digital and in person learning.
- Individualized Learning Experience: One of the fundamental flaws of the old educational system is that many students lose interest when they can’t keep up with the rest of the class. Teachers can personalise study materials based on a student’s learning pace and ability thanks to the modern digital format. With the digitalization of the education system, educational programmes are having a greater impact.
- Students get smarter: Students gain good self-directed learning skills when they are exposed to new learning tools and technologies. Students can use the digital education system to examine what they need to know in order to seek and use online resources. It has a tremendous impact on their productivity, learning ability, and efficiency.
- Unlimited Information: The internet is enormous and full of information, the majority of which is freely available. Students may now explore and apply this wealth of knowledge thanks to the advent of digital schooling. Students used to rely on limited sources of information, but thanks to the growing popularity of the digital education system, the lack of essential information is no longer a barrier to knowledge acquisition.
- Smart Classrooms: The chalk-and-talk method is no longer in use, and teachers are turning to more tech-savvy methods to show pupils that studying can be both inventive and enjoyable. Modern classrooms are outfitted with a TV or projector, making it simple to go from a traditional classroom to an interactive digital session. Because they are so familiar with the digital environment, this may cause pupils to pay greater attention.
- Practices and information can rapidly become outdated in a society that is always growing in terms of technology, as there is always something new going on. It is no longer optional to provide pupils with current information and other subject-related issues; it is now a requirement. Because students spend the majority of their time on their phones and laptops, they must be technologically savvy.
- Traditional education gives restricted opportunities for involvement because its forces at action comprise limited factors such as textbooks, a teacher, and handwritten notes, whereas digitised education enables a wide range of learning options. Every session is incredibly unique and entertaining due to the endless availability of resources. Students are more engaged in interactive and game-based learning sessions.
- Ease of Sharing: In the past, students relied largely on heavy notebooks of handwritten notes containing knowledge provided by teachers in the classroom or acquired through long library study, but the new digital education system has changed everything. Students can now save time and effort by conserving and sharing material with just a few clicks.
- Students’ Accountability: The digital education system includes real-time evaluation and system-generated performance reports, which improves assessment transparency. It allows pupils to independently examine their performance and come up with the necessary solutions. Students emerge out their shells as independent thinkers who know what to study, when to study, and how to study as a result of the digital education system. They are no longer reliant on their instructors and parents to provide them with information on a silver platter.
The necessity of the hour is to transform not only what we learn, but also how we learn. Digital platforms, the virtual world, augmented reality, online libraries, and webinars have replaced the chalk and board in our educational system, while search engines have replaced the library.
COVID-19 sparked widespread innovation, resulting in the development of flexible learning modalities and paths that can be expanded upon in future sector initiatives to strengthen education systems. These tools must be accompanied by investments in the people who will use them, as well as improved data infrastructure. Education Ministers will increasingly need to look at economic analysis to guarantee policies are founded in ever-pressurized budgets. Greater and more inventive forms of finance, as well as inexpensive digital learning solutions, will necessitate the expansion of collaborations. If these opportunities are taken advantage of in tandem with the pandemic’s disruption, they can help to level the playing field and speed development.
At its peak at the end of April 2020, schools shuttered by COVID-19 sent home nearly 1.6 billion students: this was 94 per cent of those enrolled worldwide and up to 99 percent of the student population in low- and lower-middle-income countries (UN, 2020). Although that figure has fallen to 17.9 per cent by the end of November 2020, more than half of countries in a survey from October 2020 reported that they are combining remote learning and in-person education as schools reopen (UNICEF et al., 2020). Much hangs in the balance both for individual learners and countries which rely on the transformative potential of education to forge a pathway out of poverty to peaceful, prosperous lives and societies.
Despite the fact that education sector planning processes have become more complex over the last ten years, with the option of adding more advanced analysis, few nations were prepared for the COVID-19 shock to education systems. This applies not only to governments, but also to development partners and multilateral organizations. Despite earlier pandemic scares from SARS, MERS, and Ebola, the novel coronavirus surprised the globe with its rapid spread and disruption of economies and nearly every facet of daily life. Almost no educational system was spared, and widespread school closures and restrictions fueled a sense of urgency to rectify the learning gaps that resulted. The lessons must be applied in order to make education systems more resilient to similar shocks in the medium and long run.
These are some of the lessons learned by the country in the education sector over the past two years:
- The crisis has highlighted the importance of flexible and adaptable policymaking.
- Data, specificity, and intentional action are required to address the equity dilemma.
- Other instructors are the finest source of external support for teachers.
- Leadership in the classroom is crucial.
- It is impossible to satisfy the needs of individual pupils without proper assessment for learning.
- Great teaching and learning aren’t enough; schools must also consider kids’ and teachers’ well-being.
- Access to technology is important, but it isn’t enough: many teachers want urgent digital pedagogy training.
- Accessible technology solutions are required, as well as a no-tech safety net.
- To support learning, parents and community resources must be utilised.
- In plans for reopening and learning rehabilitation, effective support for girls must be prioritised.
Blended learning refers to the educational practice of blending digital learning resources with more traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Both the student and the teacher should be in the same physical place in a real blended learning environment.
Online learning provides personalised, self-paced learning with eLearning components that lend themselves to interactive media such as games, videos, tutorials, quizzes, and social media components, all of which are accessible from the learner’s home page in the Learning Management System (LMS)—and all of which are also accessible from the learner’s smartphone or tablet.
Teachers at both higher and lower educational institutions have organically adopted blended learning as a valuable learning tool in and out of the classroom during the last decade. While there have been many questions raised about the practicality of online learning with respect to the infrastructural problems there are more than one benefits to it.
- Blended learning caters to all types of learners, whether they like the traditional classroom, want to learn online, or prefer a combination of both. Blended learning uses a range of approaches to personalise content to the student and optimise it for the subject matter, without the constraints of a classroom or an all-online course. While not all face-to-face training can be simply converted to digital content, current content can be re-engineered for online distribution in a way that complements the existing training.
- Blended learning combines online and offline technologies, allowing teachers to incorporate the most up-to-date learning trends and modalities into their courses fast. For deeper, data-driven insights into student progress and achievement, instructors can leverage built-in reporting features in most LMS software products. Learners benefit from blended learning because they may discuss, model, and practise their new abilities in a safe environment, rather than just seeing or hearing. Learners retain what they’ve learned by applying new knowledge soon after leaving the physical or virtual classroom.
- When compared to eLearning development, in-person training may appear to be a cheaper alternative, but examine the true cost of face-to-face sessions: Time away from the office, paying instructors, and flying in remote staff can all eat into the L&D budget. A hybrid eLearning method saves money on travel and may be used over and over again, reducing teacher time.
- In every meaning of the word, blended learning is an engaging experience. Learners practise online through a range of content mediums, each tailored to a specific learning style, to reinforce the offline teachings. Learners can connect with any sort of information, practise what they’ve learned, and communicate with instructors and other students at any time and on any device. The community experience keeps students interested and provides teachers with information on their progress and areas that require additional attention.
- The difficulty for educational institutions is to make learning universal, regardless of branch location. Language interpretation and travel are two more issues that can be readily addressed by blended eLearning, which provides training to all students, whether they work in another nation or at home. Individuals with a diverse reach are also diverse. Why should all learners be forced into the same training programme if they have varying degrees of understanding and expertise? Blended eLearning takes a smorgasbord approach to training, enabling students to take the initiative and decide how and when they interact with the information. The ability to test out of a familiar topic or listen to the same audio several times ensures that each student receives the necessary training (and want).
Online education is the process of obtaining skills and knowledge via the internet utilizing electronic devices such as computers, mobile phones, and laptops. Tutors or mentors can reach all students more flexibly and teach them the relevant skills more efficiently using online education. Students who are unable to attend traditional regular classes can now use the internet to study anything from anywhere.
The Covid-19 epidemic has an impact on every aspect of life. Students were unable to attend a typical classroom due to the lockdown, which had a negative influence on their schoolwork. As a result, India’s educational authorities decided to create online classes for pupils so that they may complete their studies.
This will increase the demand for online educational approaches, and the value of online education will be realized at this time. Many colleges, schools, and educational institutions have stepped forward to offer students online courses. Courses that will assist students in improving their skills and gaining knowledge from the comfort of their own homes via the internet.
Online education has evolved into a valuable resource for students that is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Students will be able to learn anything from anywhere at any time thanks to the remarkable creation of equipment (such as mobile phones) or technology and the availability of the internet. This level of learning flexibility is impossible to achieve in a regular classroom setting since students become four-bound during face-to-face instruction.
Audio, text, video, animations, discussions with tutors or mentors, and virtual training provided by teachers are all examples of online education. These are the ways for imparting skills and knowledge to pupils in order for them to become experts in their fields
There are numerous internet resources available to connect teachers and students. Social networking sites, Google Meet, WhatsApp, Zoom, and others are among them. Teachers can connect with a large number of pupils at once by using these resources. These resources enable teachers to teach a large number of groups in a short period of time. Let’s take a look at some of the other aspects of online learning.
Learning something new through online schooling is possible. A learner has unrestricted access to topics and worldwide experts in specialized disciplines, which would otherwise be out of reach for many. People of various ages can study at their own pace, without inhibitions, and without jeopardizing their other duties thanks to online classes.
With the introduction and widespread use of COVID-19 in India, online education has already reached the most fundamental levels of education – schools and colleges! “The online alternative is a need in this pandemic circumstance,” a student from a Bengaluru college stated when asked about their experience with online instruction. It has provided us with education without requiring us to travel, and it is more flexible.” Students are probably finding it a welcome respite from their rigid schedules and long drives to class. Others may find this to be a less stressful choice if they find learning in large groups frightening. Many teachers are taking advantage of the circumstance by experimenting with novel teaching and assessment approaches.
With new and improving infrastructure there is an increasing rate of equity amongst the students in online classes.
At some time in their lives, most adults choose to become parents. While most of us want to be great parents, the apparently endless problems of parenthood can leave us feeling befuddled and frustrated. As any parent of a toddler or a teenager will confirm, such difficulties exist at all stages of growth.
Positive psychology, with its emphasis on happiness, resilience, and positive youth development, is particularly relevant to debates about good parenting. You’ve come to the correct place, whether you’re a parent trying to avoid possible difficulties or you’re already pulling your hair out.
What is Positive Parenting, and How Does It Help?
Positive parenting intends to instil discipline in a way that boosts a child’s self-esteem and fosters a mutually respectful parent-child relationship without destroying the spirit of the child. The warmth between mother and child, proactive teaching, inductive discipline, and positive involvement were all classified as supportive parenting.
Positive parenting is linked to different facets of good child development, according to a study. Such results are neither transient nor inconsequential; they will last well beyond childhood.
Another way to consider positive parenting’s role is in terms of resilience. Children who grow up with positive and supportive parents are considerably more likely to prosper than those who grow up with major disadvantages. By arming children with huge stocks of emotional resilience, positive parenting reduces health and opportunity inequities.
Baby Steps Towards Positive Parenting
- Share Laughter
You might lose your cool if you find your youngster smeared in paint or walks into the home with muddy feet. However, consider whether anger is the answer to all of your problems. After a little thought, you’ll realise that humour and laughter are superior alternatives to becoming unhappy. Staying cool and trying to find a sense of humour in a situation might help to ease stress and anxiety.
Also, don’t put too much pressure on yourself to be the perfect parent. To generate some great and cheerful moments, share some hilarious experiences or stories. However, remember to laugh with your child rather than at them while doing so.
- Listen to Each Other
A healthier relationship is always ensured by a meaningful conversation between a parent and a child. Listening is also an important aspect of communication. Make a conscious effort to pay attention to what your child says, even if it’s something minor or you’re busy with something more essential.
When your child wants to vent his disappointments and frustrations, be sensitive and sympathetic to their sentiments and emotions. An attitude like this encourages them to open up, resulting in a stronger emotional bond, which leads to more pleasant times and less potential for power conflicts and conflict. Also, if you pay attention to your children, they will learn to pay attention to you and others.
- Learn Mutually
Our hectic lives often cause us to ignore the important and simple things in life. So, what better way to learn about life than from our happy-go-lucky children? Allow yourself to relax and enjoy the stupid things that your youngster enjoys. Learn some simple but valuable life lessons from your child, such as how to forgive quickly and not to carry grudges. Move outside of your comfort zone and without inhibitions to bring out the child in you. Also, to enjoy the joint obligations of parenthood, strive to learn from your partner’s strengths.
- Live as a Family
Find ways for your family to spend quality time together. Although it may appear impossible due to busy schedules, connecting with one another is one of the most effective strategies to relax and relieve underlying anxieties. Participate in impromptu activities or celebrations. Introduce family traditions such as sharing a daily meal or going to the park or the beach once a week. Request that your child come up with activities that would make for a fun day together. You’ll be astonished at how many basic activities you can do as a family.
Encourage your child to assist you with household chores. While this relieves some of your stress, he will also feel more connected in your life as a result. Make an effort to spend quality time with your partner on a regular basis as well. Parenting becomes easier and more enjoyable when your partnership is built on happiness and shared responsibility.
Parenting is the process of raising a child from birth to independent adulthood or establishing a healthy environment as the child grows—taking actions to ensure social development and education that aligns with your values. Good social skills allow kids to enjoy better peer relationships. But the benefits of robust social skills reach far beyond social acceptance.
Children with better social skills are likely to reap immediate benefits. Social skills are a set of skills that need ongoing refinement as your kids get older. They aren’t something a child either has or doesn’t have. These are skills that either can be learned and strengthened with effort and practice or can be learnt just by observing when the observer would not intend. Social skills are important for children to develop for they can help with personal relationships and a professional career.
Social skills give kids a wide range of benefits. They are linked to greater success such as achieving better educational and career outcomes, better success in life and stronger friendships. Children who lack social and emotional skills are more likely to have a dependence on public assistance, legal trouble, substance abuse issues or relationship issues. There are many ways parenting can help in improving the social skills of children. For starters, explain the basics of good manners and kindness. From there, finding activities that help bolster social skills.
One of the basics of social skills involves personal space. Everyone, including children, needs a personal space bubble that should be respected. Empathy is another important basic of social skills. A young child’s perspective is limited. Children may struggle to understand how to put themselves in another person’s shoes. An effort must be made to help kids understand empathy. Basic conversation skills are vital to social development. Young children are often unsure of how to converse and may be prone to interrupting conversations or ignoring what’s being said. And last but not the least, talk about expressing wants and needs.
Enjoying activities will come more naturally when a child is doing something they are genuinely interested in. Whether it’s participating in a favourite sport, playing an instrument they like or being part of a club they’re interested in, this is the first step toward building social skills. Sometimes when children get nervous or have a conversation lag, they may become more introverted and ultimately struggle in future social situations.
The best way to find out about others and form connections is to ask questions that specifically pertain to the person the child is talking with. Pretend-play, with both younger and older children, is a great way for kids to actively practice their social skills. It’s important to be consciously aware of how you interact with others when your child is watching.
If a child seems to be struggling with social skills more than other kids, a paediatrician or counsellor must be consulted. Children with mental health issues such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism may be the cause of lack of adjustment,socially. A physician can assess your child and determine whether treatment is needed to improve social skills. While it may just take a little extra reinforcement and maturity to catch up, a lack of social skills also can be a sign of other problems.
A social skill is any competence facilitating interaction and communication with others where social rules and relations are created, communicated, and changed in verbal and nonverbal ways and it is one of the requisites of Parenting 101 which states that parenting does help children gain social skills.
Being a parent is one of the most demanding and difficult jobs one can have. Of course, hard work pays off, and the benefits in parenting are the great joys and pleasures that our children provide. However, coping with concerns such as disobedience, tantrums, conflict, and household obligations can make parenting appear overwhelming and distressing at times. We’re also struggling to stay afloat.
So, how can we make sure that our parenting path is filled with joy and harmony instead of strife and conflict? Here are some of the ‘hacks’ that present parents swear by, that can help in making parenting a joyful and meaningful experience for both the parent and the child.
Parents frequently forget the slogan “practice before you preach” and devote all of their energy to teaching their children. Parents, on the other hand, need to stop talking and start doing. Our small infants are sponges who absorb all they see. It might not work right away, but perseverance will eventually pay off.
For example, if you’re attempting to educate your kid to say “please,” you might want to focus on modelling. You should concentrate on how you speak rather than how your child speaks, and when addressing others in front of the child, use the word “please” in your everyday conversation. Another technique to model is through stories – choose stories with a major character who says please rather than ordering others; over time, the children will start following, and it will become second nature to them.
- Staying Calm
Keeping calm is difficult as a parent, especially when you have growing kids around. The incessant crying, bickering, and child-like shenanigans may become too much to endure – a parent is also, after all, a human. Despite this, you must try your best to keep yourself calm in such situations. We shouldn’t expect the child to maintain control when we lose control of ourselves. You must maintain your composure and act kindly. It will assist you in remaining conscious and choosing what to do rather than losing control and doing things you never expected to do.
It’s also crucial to remember that 99 percent of what’s going on, including sobbing, isn’t an emergency. It’s hardly an emergency when your child cries, so don’t get too worked up over getting the kid to stop crying right away. In such a case, the parent should remain cool, cuddle their children, tell them you’re waiting for them to calm down, and do whatever you believe is appropriate, but do it calmly. If you lose control, you might start shouting and demanding them to stop weeping, which, predictably, will make them cry even more.
- ‘Fun’ Parenting
It’s always a good idea to be foolish and have a good time! So, when nothing else seems to work, try making your child laugh and, miraculously, they will listen and begin to do what you want. So, the next time the child refuses to go to the bathroom, tell him we’ll go there while doing a penguin walk, and then start walking like a penguin. Be inventive and have fun – you will be surprised at how amusing your child is.
Love is a powerful glue that holds a family together and strengthens the bonds that family members share. So, unconditionally love your child and find ways to make him comprehend it. Words and acts such as embracing and cuddling can be used to express your love.
Receiving love has a number of favourable benefits on a child’s physical, mental, and emotional development, making him a happier and healthier child. Your unwavering love and support have a significant impact on his self-esteem, confidence, and academic achievement. Avoid making unwanted comparisons or criticisms, and remember to praise, appreciate, or thank your child at least once a day.
There is no right or wrong when it comes to parenting – it is okay if you as a parent, “mess up” in the process. Ultimately, however, true joy lies in seeing your children grow into good individuals, as that is what makes the entire process of parenting meaningful.
Education is a lasting process. Academic performance in primary education plays a crucial role in obtaining further educational opportunities. Thus, it is necessary to examine how family background affects children’s academic achievement at an early stage. There is clear evidence that parents can and do influence children. There is equally clear evidence that children’s genetic makeup affects their behavioural characteristics, and also influences the way they are treated by their parents.
The family, as a cell, acts solely out of love and respect, and it prevails over empathy, compassion, sacrifice, and childcare. As a result, a family environment is created in which we live, laugh, play, and develop children. In some ways, the modern notion of their role and contribution in this respect rejects the so-called single direction of influence of parents over their children’s development, replacing it with a complex interaction of three factors: the kid, the parent, and the larger social environment.
This contact is constantly perceived as a mutual effect and process flowing from the parent to the child and the other way around, which activates a number of factors that, in one way or another, may have some negative impact on the children’s growth and education. Parents play a critical role in the life and lifestyle of their children since they are the ones who are responsible for their children’s overall development until they are independent and able to confront the difficulties of the society, they live in.
The Parental Influence
In this regard, the mother’s involvement is crucial, and it may be divided into two directions: the first is linked to the child’s defence, and the second is related to the child’s overall development. Every child who grows up and is educated in the presence of their mother is expected to reach an optimal level of physical, psychological, and social development.
In this regard, these children have a much better appearance, they look happy and they enjoy childhood in general. They are communicative and as such, they are ready to cooperate. In terms of organisation of a pleasant and functional growth of a household, with a specific emphasis on the children, the father in a family is a very important determinant. However, the subjective experiences of parents by their children vary in different ways and family models, and as a result, his significance in a family differs significantly from that of mothers.
As a result of the gender prejudices in terms of the duties to be performed in their family, it turns out that mothers are more prepared to undertake their role in their children’s education, rather than their fathers.
How Can Parents Contribute to the Child’s Education?
In order to have successfully brought up well-educated children in one family, parents are crucial and they must be careful of some elements which play a key role in raising, bringing up and educating their children.
- Firstly, while the parent’s principal role in the family is the education and the bringing up of their children, then the main obligation of their children is to study well, develop social skills
and live healthy.
- Secondly, the parents as educators must be able to recognize the basic personality traits of their child, interests, temperament and especially the child’s emotional features regarding the child’s character.
- Thirdly, the child’s personality formation has resulted to be constructed mostly based upon the child’s socialisation in general.
Thus, the child commences to socialise within a given society since the early stage of his/her childhood at parents’ home, circled by the parental atmosphere and the relationship between family members in general.
As noted above, quantitative geneticists have raised serious questions concerning the direction of effects when parental behaviours and child characteristics are found to be correlated. They point out that parent-child correlations could stem from genetic predispositions shared by parents and children that are directly transmitted from one generation to the next.